Every day, thousands of workers across the country put on a hard hat as part of their work attire. And, while it may not be their favorite thing to wear, it's an important piece of safety equipment that helps protect from head injuries and even save lives.
(BPT) - Every day, thousands of workers across the country put on a hard hat as part of their work attire. And, while it may not be their favorite thing to wear, it's an important piece of safety equipment that helps protect from head injuries and even save lives.
Gary Govanus is proof of this. He didn't put much thought into what he was wearing 45 years ago while working in-flight services at night at Chicago O'Hare, but by the end of that day his life would be forever changed because he reached for a Bullard hard hat at the start of his shift.
On the night of his accident, he and his team were cleaning out an Eastern 747 airplane that had electrical problems and its flaps were stuck in the extended position. This meant manually moving things in and out of the plane using an inconvenient and steep staircase.
"Because of the height of the door and the curvature of the air frame, the ramp that usually nestled up against the side of the plane at door level was now about two feet lower than the door and there was a three-foot gap between the plane and the truck," says Govanus. "It presented an obstacle that required thought and planning to get into and out of the plane."
Freezing cold and past quitting time, Govanus was anxious to get home to see his fiance who had recently arrived in town.
"I was thinking about going home and not getting into the airplane," he recalls. "As I took that final step to get into the aircraft, I missed. I may not remember everything from that night, but the sight of watching the open door go by as I started my plunge is forever ingrained. I knew that I was about to find out if it was my time to die."
But he didn't die. He fell about 30 feet to the cement tarmac. Thanks to the position he landed in, a heavy winter coat that provided cushion and his hard hat, he survived.
"I was wearing a hard hat and that heavy jacket. The hard hat kept me alive. The jacket prevented further injury to my shoulders and arms. I came away with two compressed vertebrae and two broken wrists. I was blessed," Govanus says.
Hard hat history
Hard hats save lives, and what you may not know is that the hard hat turns 100 this year. The hard hat comes from a Kentucky-based, family-owned company called Bullard, which was founded in 1898 in San Francisco and originally supplied carbide lamps and other mining equipment to gold and copper miners. The “Hard Boiled” hat was introduced in 1919, and was the first of many innovative designs over the past century that have led the company to become a leader in head protection and safety equipment.
During the 1930s, while the Golden Gate Bridge was being constructed in San Francisco, bridge engineer Joseph B. Strauss contacted Bullard to request that the company adapt its hats to protect bridge workers. This was also the first area ever designated as a “hard hat area.” The company continued to innovate the hard hat through the decades. In 1938, they designed and manufactured the first aluminum hard hat, which was considered very durable and reasonably lightweight for the time.
The company’s distinctive three-rib, heat-resistant fiberglass hard hat was developed in the 1940s. In the 1950s and 1960s, thermoplastics replaced fiberglass. In 1982, the standard hard hat changed again with the incorporation of a non-slip ratchet suspension with a knob in the back for simple sizing.
The modern hard hat is produced from polyethylene plastic, making it lightweight, durable, easy to mold and non-conductive to electricity. It has a variety of features such as easy-lock snaps, an upgraded suspension system and enhanced air flow, making it more comfortable and convenient than ever before.
Bullard is also a proud supporter of the Turtle Club, which is a group that honors those whose life was saved as a result of wearing a hard hat. Survivors are encouraged to share their story and contact Bullard via the company website.
It’s time for America’s workforce to wake up. If you are one of the tens of millions of adults sleeping fewer than seven hours each night — the amount recommended by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) — you are likely jeopardizing performance, increasing accident risks and putting everyone in danger during commutes. Getting enough sleep every night is key to improving productivity, safety and quality of life. Here are some tips to make sleep work for you.
(BPT) - It’s time for America’s workforce to wake up. If you are one of the tens of millions of adults sleeping fewer than seven hours each night — the amount recommended by the American Academy of Sleep Medicine (AASM) — you are likely jeopardizing performance, increasing accident risks and putting everyone in danger during commutes. Getting enough sleep every night is key to improving productivity, safety and quality of life.
Here are some tips to make sleep work for you.
Don’t burn the midnight oil
Working late nights might impress your boss, but restricting your sleep can lead to trouble making decisions, solving problems, controlling emotions and more, severely affecting your productivity at work. The National Safety Council reports that workers who sleep fewer than six hours per night cost employers six days a year in productivity.
Sleep for safety
Workers who sleep less than six hours per night are also at higher risk for injury, according to the Sleep Research Society. Cognitive and motor performance impairments caused by sleep deprivation can be comparable to drinking alcohol. If you make it a daily priority to recognize the signs of fatigue before, during and after work, and refuse to drive drowsy, you can reduce the risk of serious injury for yourself and others. This may be especially true if you work a job that involves manual labor or heavy machinery.
Strategies for non-traditional work hours
Some of the more high-risk professions involve working irregular hours. Shift workers — who can be nurses, law enforcement officers, emergency responders, transportation operators and more — work overnight or early morning hours with irregular or rotating shifts, causing upheaval in the body’s circadian rhythm and natural sleep/wake cycle. According to the AASM, shift workers may sleep up to four fewer hours per night than those working traditional hours, increasing the risk for injuries, accidents and drowsy driving. The CDC reports that serious long-term health problems are a concern, too.
However, there are ways for shift workers to combat this problematic sleep schedule.
Tips for 'wake time'
* Avoid exposure to sunlight if you need to sleep during the day, and wear sunglasses if you must go outside.
* Use moderate amounts of caffeine in the early part of your shift.
* Use public transportation, rideshare or take a cab, or arrange rides from friends or family after a work shift.
* Take a 20- to 30-minute nap during a work break or before a night shift.
* Get help from a sleep specialist to reinforce your body clock with strategically timed bright light therapy.
Tips for 'sleep time'
* Avoid caffeine and alcohol in the hours before you go to bed.
* Plan for any major changes in your shift schedule by altering your sleep time a few days in advance.
* Try to keep the same schedule on workdays and days off and create an effective “wind down” routine before going to bed.
* Keep your bedroom at a cool temperature, turn off all electronics and only do relaxing activities like reading or journaling.
Use the National Healthy Sleep Awareness Project’s bedtime calculator, which helps you find your ideal bedtime based on when you need to wake up for work — even if that’s in the middle of the night.
Getting at least seven hours of sleep isn’t just a matter of feeling alert for productivity and safety on the job; it’s a necessary component of good health and well-being. If you’re having trouble sleeping, you should talk to your doctor, who may refer you to a board-certified sleep medicine physician at an accredited sleep center for help. For more information go to www.sleepeducation.org.
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